Week 3 - Persepolis

Essay: ‘Art and architecture are mirrors of a society, reflecting the state of its values, especially in times of crisis or transition’ (Paul Zanker, on Augustus).  Discuss in relation to the architectural and sculptural “programme” of Darius I at Persepolis.
Presentation 1: The Apadana tribute reliefs
Presentation 2: Darius' statue at Susa

Primary texts:
Darius’ tomb-inscription from Naqsh-e Rustam (DNa = Brosius no. 48, Kuhrt pp. 502-3)
Darius’ inscription from Persepolis (DPd = Brosius no. 104, Kuhrt p.487)
Darius’ foundation charter from Susa (DSf = Brosius no. 45, Kuhrt pp. 492-5)
Inscription from Susa (DSe = Brosius no. 46, Kuhrt pp. 491-2)
Darius’ statue from Susa (DSab = Brosius nos. 49-50, Kuhrt pp. 477-80)
Apadana foundation deposits (DPh, DH = Brosius no. 134, Kuhrt pp. 476-7)
M. Waters, Ancient Persia, 134-151
P. Briant, From Cyrus to Alexander 165-195
Encyclopedia Iranica, s.v. Persepolis
Achaemenid royal art:
M. Cool Root, The King and Kingship in Achaemenid Art (1979) 1-42, 131-161, 227-311.
J. Boardman, Persia and the West (2000) 61-77 (architecture), 102-122 (sculpture), 123-149 (function)
D. Huff, ‘From Median to Achaemenian Palace Architecture’, Iranica Antiqua 40 (2005) 371-395
H. Gopnik, 'Why Columned Halls?' in J. Curtis & St J. Simpson (eds.), The World of Achaemenid Persia (2010) 195-206 
M. Cool Root, 'Achaemenid Imperial Architecture: Performative Porticoes of Persepolis' in S. Babaie & T. Grigor (eds.), Persian Architecture and Kingship: Strategies of Power in Iran from the Achaemenids to the Pahlavis (2015) 1-63.
Tribute processions and audience scenes:
H. Sancisi-Weerdenburg, ‘bāji’, in M. Brosius & A. Kuhrt (eds.), Achaemenid History XI (1998) 23-34 
L. Allen, ‘Le roi imaginaire: an audience with the Achaemenid king’, in O. Hekster & R. Fowler (eds), Imaginary Kings: Royal Images in the Ancient Near East, Greece and Rome (2005) 39-62 
Representations of space:
M. Cool Root, ‘The Persian Archer at Persepolis: Aspects of Chronology, Style, and Symbolism,’ Revue des études anciennes 91 (1989) 33-50.  
A. Kuhrt, Greeks and Greece in Mesopotamian and Persian Perspectives (2002)